How does a catalytic converter work? - Elemental Asia

How does a catalytic converter work?


How does a catalytic converter work?

Cars producers are obliged to respect regulations concerning fumes emission. Introducing guidelines in this aspect has resulted in improving the vehicles’ construction and in adding an element transfusing fumes to decline negative effects on the environment. The catalyst is the component that meets those expectations in a car. Being aware of its application, many people wonder, how does it work?

Catalytic converter - a diagram of the catalytic converter’s construction

Better knowledge of the vehicle’s construction allows for finding problems connected with its functioning. If we can differentiate components of the car, it is much easier to fix them. Knowing from which parts the catalytic converter consists, it is easier to improve it. According to that, it is crucial to find out what the catalyst is built from. The catalytic converter diagram is not very complex, it takes only a few elements.

What is a catalytic converter made of? The first element is a case wrapped around the component, it protects the whole device. Additionally, both sides of the case have an exhaust pipe, which on the one side channels fumes to the catalyst, transfuses them, and subsequently on the other side removes them from the environment. A catalyst in a car can filter the air due to an active filtering insert surrounded by a special surface absorbing toxic emissions.

Transfusing attributes - what does a catalytic converter do?

Economic development and globalization influenced people’s standard of living worldwide. After the financial situation in society had improved, cars ceased to be luxurious goods. With a tendency of raising mechanization along the population, the condition of the environment has decreased. Due to that, some modifications in car construction were necessary to decrease harmful effects on the environment. What does a catalytic converter do?

How does a catalytic converter work?

After being introduced to the catalytic converter diagram and being familiarized with what the catalytic converter does, it is high time to find out how it works. The temperature reached by the catalytic converter is crucial when it comes to its appropriate functioning. The minimum temperature of a catalyst to work properly is 300 Celsius degrees, although it is optimal when it reaches 400 to 800 Celsius degrees. Due to the catalytic converter location, it reaches relatively easy the level of preheating.

Another aspect that must have been taken into consideration in the properly working catalytic converter, is the oxygen sensor, which is a crucial element of the exhaust system. Outcomes, which it shows, directly influence processes in the catalyst and are responsible for the neutralization of the fumes. According to that, defective functioning of oxygen sensors leads to the ineffective performance of a catalytic converter.